wve-10ka_20191231.htm
true This Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A (this “Amendment”) amends the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. (the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or “Wave”) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 2, 2020 (the “Original 10-K”). The purpose of this Amendment is to include information required by Part III of the Annual Report on Form 10-K that was intentionally omitted from Part III of the Original 10-K. In addition, this Amendment amends Item 15 of Part IV of the Original 10-K to update the exhibit list and to include new certifications by our principal executive officer and principal financial officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as required by Rule 12b-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Except as described above, no other changes have been made to the Original 10-K. The Original 10-K continues to speak as of the dates described in the Original 10-K, and we have not updated the disclosures contained therein to reflect any events that occurred subsequent to such dates. Accordingly, this Amendment should be read in conjunction with the Company’s filings made with the SEC subsequent to the filing of the Original 10-K, as information in such filings may update or supersede certain information contained in this Amendment. As used in this Amendment, unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise indicates, references to “Wave,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or similar terms refer to Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and our wholly owned subsidiaries. The Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and Wave Life Sciences Pte. Ltd. names, the Wave Life Sciences mark, PRISM and the other registered and pending trademarks, trade names and service marks of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. appearing in this Amendment are the property of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. This Amendment also contains additional trade names, trademarks and service marks belonging to Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and to other companies. We do not intend our use or display of other parties’ trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply, and such use or display should not be construed to imply, a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other parties. Solely for convenience, the trademarks and trade names in this Amendment are referred to without the ® and ™ symbols, but such reference should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto. FY WVE 0001631574 --12-31 No Yes No Yes Large Accelerated Filer 00-0000000 0001631574 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 xbrli:shares 0001631574 2020-04-10 iso4217:USD 0001631574 2019-06-28

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K/A

(Amendment No. 1)

 

(Mark One)

 

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019

Or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File No.  001-37627

 

WAVE LIFE SCIENCES LTD.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Singapore

Not applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

 

7 Straits View #12-00 , Marina One East Tower

Singapore

018936

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip code)

+65 6236 3388

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

Trading symbol

Name of each exchange on which registered

$0 Par Value Ordinary Shares

WVE

The Nasdaq Global Market

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes        No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes        No   

The aggregate market value of the registrant’s voting and non-voting ordinary shares held by non-affiliates of the registrant (without admitting that any person whose shares are not included in such calculation is an affiliate) computed by reference to the price at which the ordinary shares were last sold as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter (June 28, 2019) was $ 631,486,605 .

The number of outstanding ordinary shares of the registrant as of April 10, 2020 was 34,690,799 .

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

None.

 

 

 


 

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A (this “Amendment”) amends the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. (the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or “Wave”) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on March 2, 2020 (the “Original 10-K”). The purpose of this Amendment is to include information required by Part III of the Annual Report on Form 10-K that was intentionally omitted from Part III of the Original 10-K. In addition, this Amendment amends Item 15 of Part IV of the Original 10-K to update the exhibit list and to include new certifications by our principal executive officer and principal financial officer under Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as required by Rule 12b-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

Except as described above, no other changes have been made to the Original 10-K. The Original 10-K continues to speak as of the dates described in the Original 10-K, and we have not updated the disclosures contained therein to reflect any events that occurred subsequent to such dates. Accordingly, this Amendment should be read in conjunction with the Company’s filings made with the SEC subsequent to the filing of the Original 10-K, as information in such filings may update or supersede certain information contained in this Amendment. As used in this Amendment, unless otherwise stated or the context otherwise indicates, references to “Wave,” the “Company,” “we,” “our,” “us” or similar terms refer to Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and our wholly owned subsidiaries.  

The Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and Wave Life Sciences Pte. Ltd. names, the Wave Life Sciences mark, PRISM and the other registered and pending trademarks, trade names and service marks of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. appearing in this Amendment are the property of Wave Life Sciences Ltd. This Amendment also contains additional trade names, trademarks and service marks belonging to Wave Life Sciences Ltd. and to other companies. We do not intend our use or display of other parties’ trademarks, trade names or service marks to imply, and such use or display should not be construed to imply, a relationship with, or endorsement or sponsorship of us by, these other parties. Solely for convenience, the trademarks and trade names in this Amendment are referred to without the ® and ™ symbols, but such reference should not be construed as any indicator that their respective owners will not assert, to the fullest extent under applicable law, their rights thereto.

i


 

SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Amendment contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Exchange Act, that relate to future events or to our future operations or financial performance. Any forward-looking statement involves known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statement. In some cases, forward-looking statements are identified by the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “goals,” “intend,” “likely,” “may,” “might,” “ongoing,” “objective,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “project,” “seek,” “should,” “strategy,” “target,” “will” and “would” or the negative of these terms, or other comparable terminology intended to identify statements about the future, although not all forward-looking statements contain these identifying words. Forward-looking statements include statements, other than statements of historical fact, about, among other things: our ability to fund our future operations; our financial position, revenues, costs, expenses, uses of cash and capital requirements; our need for additional financing or the period for which our existing cash resources will be sufficient to meet our operating requirements; the success, progress, number, scope, cost, duration, timing or results of our research and development activities, preclinical studies and clinical trials, including the timing for initiation or completion of or availability of results from any preclinical studies and clinical trials or for submission, review or approval of any regulatory filing; the timing of, and our ability to, obtain and maintain regulatory approvals for any of our product candidates; the potential benefits that may be derived from any of our product candidates; our strategies, prospects, plans, goals, expectations, forecasts or objectives; the success of our collaborations with third parties; any payment that our collaboration partners may make to us; our ability to identify and develop new product candidates; our intellectual property position; our commercialization, marketing and manufacturing capabilities and strategy; our ability to develop sales and marketing capabilities; our estimates regarding future expenses and needs for additional financing; our ability to identify, recruit and retain key personnel; our financial performance; developments and projections relating to our competitors in the industry; our liquidity and working capital requirements; the expected impact of new accounting standards; and our expectations regarding the impact of COVID-19 on our research and development activities, preclinical studies and clinical trials, supply of drug product, and our workforce .

Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement contained in this report, we caution you that these statements are based on our estimates or projections of the future that are subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties and other important factors that may cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by any forward-looking statement to differ. These risks, uncertainties and other factors include, among other things, our critical accounting policies and: the ability of our preclinical studies to produce data sufficient to support the filing of global clinical trial applications and the timing thereof; our ability to continue to build and maintain the company infrastructure and personnel needed to achieve our goals; the clinical results and timing of our programs, which may not support further development of our product candidates; actions of regulatory agencies, which may affect the initiation, timing and progress of clinical trials; our effectiveness in managing current and future clinical trials and regulatory processes; the success of our platform in identifying viable candidates; the continued development and acceptance of nucleic acid therapeutics as a class of drugs; our ability to demonstrate the therapeutic benefits of our stereopure candidates in clinical trials, including our ability to develop candidates across multiple therapeutic modalities; our ability to obtain, maintain and protect intellectual property; our ability to enforce our patents against infringers and defend our patent portfolio against challenges from third parties; our ability to fund our operations and to raise additional capital as needed; and competition from others developing therapies for similar uses; and the COVID-19 pandemic may negatively impact the conduct of, and the timing of enrollment, completion and reporting with respect to, our clinical trials; any other impacts on our business as a result of or related to the COVID-19 pandemic , as well as other risks and uncertainties under the “Risk Factors” section of the Original 10-K and in other filings we make with the SEC.

Each forward-looking statement contained in this Amendment is based on a combination of facts and factors currently known by us and our expectations of the future, about which we cannot be certain.

As a result of these factors, we cannot assure you that the forward-looking statements in this Amendment will prove to be accurate. Furthermore, if our forward-looking statements prove to be inaccurate, the inaccuracy may be material. In light of the significant uncertainties in these forward-looking statements, these statements should not be regarded as representations or warranties by us or any other person that we will achieve our objectives and plans in any specified timeframe, or at all. We caution you not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement.

In addition, any forward-looking statement in this Amendment represents our views only as of the date of this Amendment and should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any subsequent date. We anticipate that subsequent events and developments may cause our views to change. Although we may elect to update these forward-looking statements publicly at some point in the future, we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by applicable law. Our forward-looking statements do not reflect the potential impact of any future acquisitions, mergers, dispositions, joint ventures or investments we may make.

ii


 

WAVE LIFE SCIENCES LTD.

FORM 10-K/A

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART  III

1

 

 

 

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

1

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

8

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

25

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

28

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

30

 

 

PART  IV

32

 

 

 

Item 15.

Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedules

32

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

35

Signatures

36

 

iii


 

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Board of Directors

Pursuant to our Constitution, there is no maximum number of directors that may hold office at any time. Our Board of Directors (the “Board” or our “Board”) currently consists of 10 members and each of our directors is elected annually.

Set forth below are the names of our directors, their ages as of April 10, 2020, their offices in the Company, if any, their principal occupations or employment for at least the past five years, the length of their tenure as directors and the names of other public companies in which they hold or have held directorships during the past five years. In addition, information about the specific experience, qualifications, attributes or skills that led to our Board’s conclusion at the time of filing of this Amendment that each person listed below should serve as a director is set forth below:

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position/Title

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

46

 

President, Chief Executive Officer and Director

Christian Henry

 

52

 

Chairman of the Board

Mark H. N. Corrigan, M.D.

 

62

 

Director

Peter Kolchinsky, Ph.D.

 

43

 

Director

Koji Miura

 

71

 

Director

Amy Pott

 

43

 

Director

Adrian Rawcliffe

 

48

 

Director

Ken Takanashi

 

55

 

Director

Gregory L. Verdine, Ph.D.

 

60

 

Director

Heidi L. Wagner, J.D.

 

55

 

Director

 

Paul B. Bolno, M.D. , MBA has served as our President and Chief Executive Officer since December 2013 and as a director since April 2014. Prior to joining us, he served at GlaxoSmithKline from 2009 to 2013 in various roles, including Vice President, Worldwide Business Development—Head of Asia BD and Investments, Head of Global Neuroscience BD, a director of Glaxo Welcome Manufacturing, Pte. Ltd. in Singapore and Vice President, Business Development for the Oncology Business Unit, where he helped establish GlaxoSmithKline’s global oncology business and served as a member of the Oncology Executive Team, Oncology Commercial Board and Cancer Research Executive Team. Prior to GlaxoSmithKline, he served as director of Research at Two River LLC, a health care private equity firm from 2004 to 2009. Dr. Bolno earned a medical degree from MCP-Hahnemann School of Medicine and an M.B.A. from Drexel University. He was a general surgery resident and cardiothoracic surgery postdoctoral research fellow at Drexel University College of Medicine. We believe that Dr. Bolno’s experience serving as our President and Chief Executive Officer and a member of our Board and his experience leading biopharmaceutical companies qualify him to serve on our Board.

Christian Henry has served as a director since November 2016, and as Chairman of our Board since October 2017. Mr. Henry also serves on the board of directors of Ginkgo Bioworks, a private synthetic biology company, and Pacific Biosciences, a publicly traded life sciences company. Mr. Henry served as Executive Vice President & Chief Commercial Officer of Illumina, Inc. from 2015 through January 2017, and previously served as Senior Vice President & Chief Commercial Officer from 2014 to 2015, Senior Vice President & General Manager Genomic Solutions from 2012 to 2014, Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer & General Manager Life Sciences from 2010 to 2012, Senior Vice President, Corporate Development & Chief Financial Officer from 2009 to 2010, Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer from 2007 to 2009, and Vice President & Chief Financial Officer from 2005 to 2006. Prior to joining Illumina, Inc., Mr. Henry served as the Chief Financial Officer of Tickets.com, Inc. from 2003 to 2005. From 1999 to 2003, Mr. Henry served as Vice President, Finance & Corporate Controller of Affymetrix, Inc. (acquired by Thermo Fisher Scientific in 2016). In 1997, Mr. Henry joined Nektar Therapeutics (formerly Inhale Therapeutic Systems, Inc.), as Corporate Controller, and later as its Chief Accounting Officer from 1997 to 1999. In 1996, Mr. Henry served as General Accounting Manager of Sugen, Inc. Mr. Henry began his career in 1992 at Ernst & Young LLP, where he was a Senior Accountant through 1996. Mr. Henry earned his B.A. in biochemistry and cell biology from the University of California, San Diego, and his M.B.A., with a concentration in finance, from the University of California, Irvine. We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his strengths in corporate strategy, finance and operations, along with his extensive experience leading various functions at one of the largest and most innovative genetic healthcare companies.

1


 

Mark H. N. Corrigan, M.D. has served as a director since September 2019. Dr. Corrigan currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer of Correvio Pharma Corp., where he has worked since March 2019. Prior to joining Correvio, Dr. Corrigan was President of Research and Development at Tremeau Pharmaceuticals from 2016 to March 2019. Dr. Corrigan served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Zalicus, Inc. (formerly CombinatoRx) from 2010 to 2014. Prior to that time, from 2003 to 2009, Dr. Corrigan held the role of Executive Vice President, Research and Development at Sepracor Inc. From 2000 to 2003, Dr. Corrigan served as Group Vice President, Clinical Research & Experimental Medicine at Pharmacia Corporation. Prior to this, Dr. Corrigan held various roles at The Upjohn Company, The University of North Carolina, and the National Institute of Mental Health Center for Psychoneuroendocrinology in Adults and Children at Dorthea Dix Hospital. Dr. Corrigan currently serves as a member of the boards of directors of Correvio Pharma Corp., Nabriva Therapeutics, and Tremeau Pharmaceuticals, of which he is a co-founder. Dr. Corrigan holds an M.D. from the University of Virginia and received specialty training in psychiatry at Maine Medical Center and Cornell University. He received a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from the University of Virginia. We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his experience as a board member, board committee member and chief executive officer of publicly-traded biopharmaceutical companies.

Peter Kolchinsky, Ph.D. has served as a director since January 2015. Dr. Kolchinsky is a founder and Managing Partner of RA Capital Management, L.P., a multi-stage investment manager which is dedicated to evidence-based investing in healthcare and life science companies that are developing drugs, medical devices, and diagnostics, where he has worked since 2001. RA Capital Management, L.P. is the investment manager of RA Capital Healthcare Fund, L.P. He serves as a member of the board of directors of a number of private companies. Dr. Kolchinsky also leads RA Capital’s engagement and publishing efforts, which aim to make a positive social impact and spark collaboration among healthcare stakeholders, including patients, physicians, researchers, policymakers, and industry. He served on the Board of Global Science and Technology for the National Academy of Sciences from 2009 to 2012, is the author of "The Great American Drug Deal" and "The Entrepreneur’s Guide to a Biotech Startup", and frequently writes and speaks on the future of biotechnology innovation. Dr. Kolchinsky earned his Ph.D. in virology from Harvard University and earned his bachelor’s degree in Biology from Cornell University. We believe Dr. Kolchinsky is qualified to serve on our Board because of his business experience including his experience as an institutional investor and his experience serving on the boards of various healthcare and life science companies.

Koji Miura has served as a director since October 2012. Mr. Miura is the founder and Managing Director of Miura & Associates Management Consultants Pte. Ltd. and serves on the boards of directors of Azeus Systems Holdings Ltd., Marine Tec Tachibana Pte. Ltd., Matsuura Singapore Pte. Ltd., Mercury Investment Holding Pte. Ltd., Sunmoon Pte. Ltd., and Triple Farm Singapore Pte. Ltd. Mr. Miura holds a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration from the University of Aoyama Gakuin, Tokyo, Japan. We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his broad business experience including his diverse background serving on the board of directors of various companies, both private and publicly held, across multiple industries.

Amy Pott has served as a director since September 2019. Ms. Pott currently serves as President, North America for Swedish Orphan Biovitrum (SOBI), where she has worked since April 2019. Prior to joining SOBI, Ms. Pott served as Group Vice President, US Franchise Head, Internal Medicine and Oncology from 2017 to April 2019, and as Group Vice President, US Commercial Operations in 2016 at Shire Plc. From 2015 to 2016, Ms. Pott held the role of Vice President, Global Market Access and Vice President, Strategy, Planning and Analytics at Baxalta, Inc. Prior to joining Baxalta, Ms. Pott served in various roles at Baxter Healthcare Corporation, including Director, Business Model Innovation, Europe from 2014 to 2015;  Director, Market Access and Evolving Health UK & Ireland from 2012 to 2014; Director, Market Access UK & Ireland from 2009 to 2012; Director, UK Government Affairs, Public Policy and Communications from 2004 to 2009, and Manager, UK Government Affairs & Public Policy in 2004. Prior to this time, Ms. Pott also served in various roles at the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, NHS Confederation, APCO Worldwide LLC, and the House of Lords (London, UK). Ms. Pott earned a Master of Science from the London School of Economics, and a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Bristol. We believe she is qualified to serve on our Board because of her extensive experience as an executive leading commercial operations within rare disease pharmaceutical companies.

Adrian Rawcliffe has served as a director since February 2017. Since September 2019, Mr. Rawcliffe has served as the Chief Executive Officer of Adaptimmune Therapeutics plc. From 2015 to September 2019, he served as their Chief Financial Officer. Prior to joining Adaptimmune, Mr. Rawcliffe served in various roles at GlaxoSmithKline plc, including Senior Vice President Finance, North America Pharmaceuticals and Global Franchises from 2011 to 2015; Senior Vice President, Worldwide Business Development and R&D Finance from 2006 to 2011; Vice President, Worldwide Business Development Transactions and Ventures from 2003 to 2005; and Vice President, Deal Structuring from 2001 to 2003. From 2005 to 2006, Mr. Rawcliffe served as the President and Managing Partner of SR One Ltd. Mr. Rawcliffe began his career as a supervisor at Coopers & Lybrand (now PricewaterhouseCoopers) from 1993 to 1997. Mr. Rawcliffe received his B.Sc. in Natural Sciences from the University of Durham, England. Mr. Rawcliffe also received Chartered Accountancy training through The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW). We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his global expertise, along with extensive business and operating experience at one of the world’s largest global healthcare companies.

2


 

Ken Takanashi has served as a director since July 2012. Since 2002, Mr. Takanashi has served in various executive management and director roles at Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd., or “SNBL,” and its affiliates and currently serves as its Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer. Mr. Takanashi was the Chief Financial Officer of SNBL USA, Ltd., a subsidiary of Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories, from 2012 to 2014. Mr. Takanashi also serves on the board of directors of Satsuma Pharmaceuticals, Inc. a public biopharmaceutical company.   Mr. Takanashi earned an M.B.A. from the University of Warwick and received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Tokyo and is a Chartered Public Accountant. We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his extensive experience leading research and development for biopharmaceutical companies and his business, financial and accounting credentials .

Gregory L. Verdine, Ph.D. is one of our founders and has served as a director since July 2013. He was our President, Chief Executive Officer and Chief Scientific Officer from our inception through December 2013 and served as Chairman of our Board from July 2013 through September 2017. Since 1989, Dr. Verdine has served as the Erving Professor of Chemistry in the Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology at Harvard University and Harvard Medical School; he is now Erving Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus. Dr. Verdine co-founded the non-profit Gloucester Marine Genomics Institute and Gloucester Biotechnology Academy in 2013 and served as the Founding President until 2016. He is the co-founder of Fog Pharmaceuticals Inc. and currently serves as Chairman, President and CEO for the company. He is also Chairman, CEO and CSO of LifeMine Therapeutics Inc. He is also the founder of Warp Drive Bio (merged with Revolution Medicines, Inc.  (Nasdaq: RVMD)) and served in various roles, from Chief Scientific Officer to Chief Executive Officer, from the company’s inception in 2012 until April 2016. Dr. Verdine founded Enanta Pharmaceuticals and served as a member of its board of directors from 1990 through its initial public offering in 2013. He is a Venture Partner at WuXi Healthcare Ventures, and has previously served as Venture Partner at AppleTree Ventures, TPG Biotech and Third Rock Ventures. He has served on the Board of Scientific Counsellors of the National Cancer Institute, and is on the Board of Scientific Consultants of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and he is a Senior Advisor to Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories Ltd. Dr. Verdine is also the co-founder of Eleven Biotherapeutics, Tokai Therapeutics, Aileron Therapeutics, and Gloucester Pharmaceuticals (acquired by Celgene in 2010). He has also served as a director of the Chemical Biology Initiative and the Program in Cancer Chemical Biology at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. Dr. Verdine received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from Columbia University and completed postdoctoral work in Molecular Biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Harvard Medical School. We believe he is qualified to serve on our Board because of his expertise and deep knowledge of our company, its technology and our industry and his long track record of creating and advising successful biopharmaceutical companies.

 

Heidi L. Wagner, J.D. has served as a director since September 2019. Ms. Wagner currently serves as Senior Vice President, Government Affairs and Policy at Global Blood Therapeutics, Inc., where she has worked since 2018. Prior to joining Global Blood Therapeutics, Ms. Wagner served as Senior Vice President, Global Governmental Affairs at Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc. from 2012 to 2018, and as Vice President, Global Government Affairs from 2009 to 2012. Ms. Wagner held the role of Senior Director of Government Affairs at Genentech, Inc. from 2000 to 2009, and as Director, Government Affairs from 1998 to 1999. Prior to that time, she served as Health Policy Director and Consultant at Healthcare Leadership Council, and in various roles at Epstein Becker & Green and Groom & Nordberg, and the U.S. House of Representatives. Ms. Wagner currently serves as a member of the board of directors of the American Kidney Fund, as a Trustee of the University of Colorado Foundation, and as an advisory board member of the University of Colorado, College of Media, Communication and Information. From 2015 to 2018, she also served as a member of the board of directors of the European Confederation of Pharmaceutical Entrepreneurs. Ms. Wagner earned a J.D. from George Mason University School of Law and received a Bachelor of Science in Journalism and Mass Communication from the University of Colorado. We believe she is qualified to serve on our Board because of her experience as a government affairs executive driving strategy for government policy, pricing, reimbursement and patient access for biopharmaceutical companies.

Pursuant to the Singapore Companies Act, Chapter 50 (the “Singapore Companies Act”) and our Constitution, our Board must have at least one director who is ordinarily resident in Singapore. Mr. Miura is our Singapore resident director.

Committees of the Board of Directors and Meetings

Meeting Attendance . During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, there were six meetings of our Board, and the various committees of the Board met a total of 15 times. No director attended fewer than 75% of the total number of meetings of the Board and of committees of the Board on which such director served during 2019. The Board has adopted a policy under which our directors are encouraged to attend our annual general meetings of shareholders. As a Singapore company, we are required to prepare annual Singapore statutory audited financial statements (our “second annual audit”) and to deliver them to our shareholders in connection with our annual general meetings of shareholders. Our second annual audit can only be conducted following our first annual audit, which requires our preparation and filing of annual U.S. GAAP audited consolidated financial statements with the SEC. As a result, these multiple audits do not allow us to schedule our quarterly board meetings at the same time as our annual general meetings of shareholders and we typically hold our annual general meetings during the summertime.

3


 

Audit Committee .  Our Audit Committee held seven meetings during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 . Our Audit Committee currently has four members: Mr. Henry (Chairman) , Dr. Corrigan, and Messrs. Miura and Rawcliffe. During the period of January 1, 2019 through September 23, 2019, our Audit Committee was comprised of Mr. Henry (Chairman), and Messrs. Miura and Rawcliffe. On September 24, 2019, Dr. Corrigan joined as a member of our Audit Committee. Our Audit Committee’s role and responsibilities are set forth in the Audit Committee’s written charter and include the responsibility to retain and terminate the services of our independent registered public accounting firm. In addition, the Audit Committee reviews annual financial statements, considers matters relating to accounting policy and internal controls and reviews the scope of annual audits.

Dr. Corrigan and Messrs. Henry, Miura and Rawcliffe satisfy the current independence standards promulgated by the SEC and by the Nasdaq Stock Market, as such standards apply specifically to members of audit committees. The Board has determined that each member of the Audit Committee meets the financial literacy requirements of the Nasdaq Stock Market Rules and that each of Messrs. Henry and Rawcliffe qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert,” as the SEC has defined that term in Item 407 of Regulation S-K.

A copy of the Audit Committee’s written charter is publicly available on our website at www.wavelifesciences.com.

Compensation Committee . Our Compensation Committee met five times during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The Compensation Committee currently has three members: Mr. Henry (Chairman), Dr. Kolchinsky and Ms. Pott. During the period of January 1, 2019 through September 23, 2019, our Compensation Committee was comprised of Mr. Henry (Chairman), Dr. Kolchinsky and Mr. Takanashi. On September 24, 2019, Ms. Pott replaced Mr. Takanashi as a member of our Compensation Committee. Our Compensation Committee’s role and responsibilities are set forth in the Compensation Committee’s written charter and include reviewing, approving and making recommendations regarding our compensation policies, practices and procedures to ensure that legal and fiduciary responsibilities of the Board are carried out and that such policies, practices and procedures contribute to our success. Our Compensation Committee also administers our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, as amended (the “2014 Equity Incentive Plan”) and our 2019 Employee Share Purchase Plan (the “2019 ESPP”). The Compensation Committee is responsible for determining the compensation of our executive officers.

Each member of the Compensation Committee qualifies as independent under the definition promulgated by the Nasdaq Stock Market.

A copy of the Compensation Committee’s written charter is publicly available on our website at www.wavelifesciences.com.

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee . Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee met three times during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee currently has three members: Mr. Henry (Chairman), Mr. Takanashi and Ms. Wagner. During the period of January 1, 2019 through September 23, 2019 our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee was comprised of Mr. Henry (Chairman), Mr. Takanashi and Dr. Kolchinsky. On September 24, 2019, Ms. Wagner replaced Dr. Kolchinsky as a member of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s role and responsibilities are set forth in the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s written charter and include evaluating and making recommendations to the full Board as to the size and composition of the Board and its committees, evaluating and making recommendations as to potential candidates, and evaluating current Board members’ performance.

Each member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee qualifies as independent under the definition promulgated by the Nasdaq Stock Market.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for identifying individuals qualified to serve as directors, consistent with criteria approved by the Board, and recommending the persons to be nominated for election as directors, except where we are legally required by contract, law or otherwise to provide third parties with the right to nominate.

The process followed by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee to identify and evaluate director candidates includes making requests to Board members and others for recommendations, holding meetings from time to time to evaluate biographical information and reviewing background material relating to potential candidates and interviews of selected candidates by members of the committee and the Board. The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is also authorized by its charter to retain search firms to identify director candidates. The qualifications, qualities and skills that the committee believes must be met by a committee-recommended nominee for a position on our Board are as follows:

 

Nominees should have a reputation for integrity, honesty and adherence to high ethical standards.

 

Nominees should have demonstrated business acumen, experience and ability to exercise sound judgments in matters that relate to the Company’s current and long-term objectives and should be willing and able to contribute positively to the Company’s decision-making process.

4


 

 

Nominees should have a commitment to understand the Company and its industry and to regularly attend and participate in meetings of the Board and its committees.

 

Nominees should have the interest and ability to understand the sometimes conflicting interests of our various constituencies, which include shareholders, employees, customers, governmental units, creditors and the general public, and to act in the interests of all shareholders.

 

Nominees should not have, nor appear to have, a conflict of interest that would impair the nominee’s ability to represent the interests of all of our shareholders and to fulfill the responsibilities of a director.

 

Nominees shall not be discriminated against on the basis of race, religion, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, disability or any other basis proscribed by law. Diversity on our Board is highly valued and is actively considered in the nomination process as well as in the Board’s annual performance evaluation.

 

Nominees should normally be able to serve for at least five years before reaching the age of 70.

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee considers issues of diversity among its members in identifying and considering nominees for director, and strives where appropriate to achieve a diverse balance of backgrounds, perspectives, experience, age, gender, ethnicity and country of citizenship on the Board and its committees. The value of many forms of diversity is reflected on our Board, and we believe that our current Board represents diversity of thought, background and experience, as well as diversity of personal characteristics such as gender, ethnicity and age. The Board is committed to seeking out highly qualified women and minority candidates, as well as candidates with diverse backgrounds, skills and experiences as part of each search for qualified directors the Company undertakes. The Board’s commitment to gender diversity was most recently demonstrated by the 2019 appointments of two female directors to our Board and its committees.

A copy of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee’s written charter and our Corporate Governance Guidelines, which set forth our nominee requirements are publicly available on our website at www.wavelifesciences.com.

Procedures by which Shareholders may Nominate Directors

The Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee shall review and evaluate information available to it regarding candidates proposed by shareholders and shall apply the same criteria, and shall follow substantially the same process in considering them, as it does in considering other candidates. The factors generally considered by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee are set out in our Corporate Governance Guidelines, which are publicly available on the “For Investors & Media” section of our website at http://ir.wavelifesciences.com/ under the heading “Corporate Governance.” If a shareholder wishes to nominate a candidate to be considered by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee for election as a director at our 2021 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, it must give timely notice of the nomination in writing to our General Counsel not less than 45 days prior to the date that is one year from the date on which we first mail our proxy statement relating to our 2020 Annual General Meeting of Shareholders, or 2020 AGM. All shareholder proposals should be marked for the attention of General Counsel, Wave Life Sciences Ltd., 733 Concord Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

Our Compensation Committee currently has three members: Mr. Henry (Chairman), Dr. Kolchinsky and Ms. Pott. During the period of January 1, 2019 through September 23, 2019, our Compensation Committee was comprised of Mr. Henry (Chairman), Dr. Kolchinsky and Mr. Takanashi. On September 24, 2019, Ms. Pott replaced Mr. Takanashi as a member of our Compensation Committee. Dr. Kolchinsky is the Managing Partner of RA Capital Management, L.P., the investment manager of RA Capital Healthcare Fund, L.P., one of our shareholders. We have entered into certain transactions with affiliates of RA Capital Healthcare Fund, L.P., as further described under “Certain Relationships and Related Person Transactions” below.

No officer or employee has served as a member of the Compensation Committee. None of our executive officers serve as a member of the board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers serving on our Board or Compensation Committee.

5


 

Familial Relationships

There are no familial relationships between any of our executive officers and directors.

Board Leadership Structure and Role in Risk Oversight

The positions of Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer are presently separated at the Company. We believe that separating these positions allows our Chief Executive Officer to focus on our day-to-day business, while allowing our Chairman of the Board to lead the Board in its fundamental role of providing advice to, and independent oversight of, management. Our Board recognizes the time, effort and energy that the Chief Executive Officer is required to devote to his position in the current business environment, as well as the commitment required to serve as our Chairman, particularly as the Board’s oversight responsibilities continue to grow. Our Board also believes that this structure ensures a greater role for the independent directors in the oversight of our Company and active participation of the independent directors in setting agendas and establishing priorities and procedures for the work of our Board. The Board retains the authority to modify this leadership structure as and when appropriate to best address the Company’s unique circumstances at any given time and to serve the best interests of our shareholders.

Our Board oversees the risk management activities designed and implemented by our management. Our Board executes its oversight responsibility for risk management both directly and through its committees. Our Board also considers specific risk topics, including risks associated with our strategic plan, business operations and capital structure. In addition, our Board receives detailed regular reports from members of our management team and other personnel that include assessments and potential mitigation of the risks and exposures involved with their respective areas of responsibility. Our Board may delegate to the Audit Committee oversight of our risk management process. Our other Board committees will also consider and address risk as they perform their respective committee responsibilities. Specifically, the Audit Committee receives regular reports from members of senior management on areas of material risk to the Company, including operational, financial, legal, regulatory, strategic and reputational risks. As part of its charter, our Audit Committee regularly discusses with management our major risk exposures, their potential financial impact on our Company and the steps we take to manage them. Our Compensation Committee assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to the management and risks arising from our compensation policies and programs. Our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee assists the Board in fulfilling its oversight responsibilities with respect to the management of risks associated with Board organization, membership and structure, succession planning for our directors and executive officers and corporate governance. All committees report to the full Board as appropriate, including when a matter rises to the level of a material or enterprise level risk.

Hedging and Pledging Policies

We maintain an Insider Trading Policy that, among other things, prohibits all officers, including our named executive officers, directors and employees from engaging in “hedging” transactions with respect to our ordinary shares. This includes short sales, hedging of share ownership positions, transactions in straddles, collars or other similar risk reduction or hedging devices . and transactions involving derivative securities relating to our ordinary shares. In addition, they are also prohibited from pledging of the Company’s securities as collateral for a loan; provided, however, that (i) any pledge arrangement which existed prior to the adoption of the Company’s Insider Trading Policy in connection with its initial public offering, was grandfathered and need not be unwound solely due to the adoption of this policy; and (ii) exceptions may be granted for pledge arrangements where Company personnel wish to pledge the Company’s securities as collateral for a loan (other than a margin loan) and can demonstrate the financial wherewithal to repay the loan without having to resort to the pledged securities.

Shareholder Communications to the Board

Generally, shareholders who have questions or concerns or who wish to address questions regarding our business directly with the Board, or any individual director, should direct his or her questions in writing to IR@wavelifesci.com. Communications will be distributed to the Board, or to any individual director or directors as appropriate, depending on the facts and circumstances outlined in the communications. Items that are unrelated to the duties and responsibilities of the Board may be excluded, such as junk mail and mass mailings, resumes and other forms of job inquiries, surveys and solicitations or advertisements. In addition, any material that is unduly hostile, threatening, or illegal in nature may be excluded, provided that any communication that is filtered out will be made available to any outside director upon request.

 

6


 

Executive Officers

Set forth below is information as of April 10, 2020 regarding our executive officers who are not also directors. We have employment agreements with certain of our executive officers and all of our executive officers are at-will employees.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Title

Christopher Francis, Ph.D.

 

42

 

Senior Vice President, Corporate Development,

Head of Emerging Areas

David Gaiero

 

41

 

Interim Chief Financial Officer

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

53

 

Chief Medical Officer

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

58

 

Senior Vice President, Drug Discovery

 

Christopher Francis, Ph.D. has served as our Senior Vice President, Corporate Development, Head of Emerging Areas since May 2017. During the period January 2017 to May 2017, Dr. Francis served as our Senior Vice President, Corporate Development & Portfolio Management. Prior to that, Dr. Francis served as our Vice President, Head of Business Development since April 2014. Prior to joining us, Dr. Francis held senior operational, strategic and business development roles within GlaxoSmithKline Oncology from 2009 to 2014 and was a member of the team that established GlaxoSmithKline’s Rare Disease Unit. Before GlaxoSmithKline, Dr. Francis was a health care private equity associate at Two River LLC from 2008 to 2009. He began his career in pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement consulting at IMS Health. Dr. Francis earned undergraduate and graduate degrees in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from the University of Melbourne and was a doctoral research associate at the University of Cambridge.

David Gaiero has served as our Interim Chief Financial Officer since January 9, 2020. Prior to this appointment, Mr. Gaiero served as our Vice President, Corporate Controller since July 2017. Prior to joining us, from 2015 to 2017 Mr. Gaiero served as Vice President, Global Controller of OvaScience, Inc. and from 2007 to 2015 he held various positions of increasing responsibility and scope in finance and accounting at iRobot Corporation. Mr. Gaiero began his career in public accounting at PricewaterhouseCoopers, LLP. Mr. Gaiero received a Bachelor of Business Administration in Accounting from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and is a Certified Public Accountant in Massachusetts.

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH has served as our Chief Medical Officer since November 2018. During the period July 2016 to October 2018, Dr. Panzara served as our Franchise Lead, Neurology. Prior to joining us, Dr. Panzara served in various roles at Sanofi Genzyme (and Genzyme Corporation before its merger with Sanofi in 2011) from 2009 to July 2016, most recently serving as Head of the Multiple Sclerosis, Neurology and Ophthalmology Therapeutic Area for Global Development and prior to that, serving as Group Vice President, Therapeutic Area Head, Multiple Sclerosis and Neurology. Prior to joining Genzyme, Dr. Panzara served in roles of increasing responsibility at Biogen, including Vice President, Chief Medical Officer, Neurology from 2006 to 2009 and in various roles in the Medical Research group from 2001 to 2006. In addition, from 1999 to 2011, Dr. Panzara was an Instructor in Neurology at Harvard Medical School and an Assistant in Neurology at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). He trained in neurology at MGH from 1994 to 1998, and completed his post-doctoral training in immunology and rheumatology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr. Panzara holds a bachelor’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania, a medical degree from Stanford University School of Medicine, and a master’s degree in public health from the Harvard School of Public Health.

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D. has served as our Senior Vice President, Head of Drug Discovery since August 2014. Before joining us, Dr. Vargeese served as Novartis’ Executive Director and Head of RNA Chemistry and Delivery, a position she held from 2008 to 2014. Prior to joining Novartis, Dr. Vargeese led siRNA delivery in the RNA Therapeutics division at Merck & Co., where she served as Senior Director and Head of RNA Chemistry and Delivery. Dr. Vargeese joined Merck through its acquisition of Sirna Therapeutics, where she was Vice President of Chemistry. Before Sirna, Dr. Vargeese served as Associate Director of Chemistry at NeXstar Pharmaceuticals and is the co-inventor of Macugen (pegaptanib), an approved therapy for treating wet AMD. Dr. Vargeese earned a Ph.D. in Organic Chemistry at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India and completed post-doctoral work at the University of Rhode Island.

CODE OF BUSINESS CONDUCT AND ETHICS

We have adopted a code of business conduct and ethics that applies to all of our employees, including our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer. The text of the code of conduct and ethics is posted on our website at www.wavelifesciences.com. Disclosure regarding any amendments to, or waivers from, provisions of the code of conduct and ethics that apply to our directors, principal executive officer or principal financial officer will be included in a Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC within four business days following the date of the amendment or waiver, unless website posting or the issuance of a press release of such amendments or waivers is then permitted by the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market.

7


 

Item 11.

Executiv e Compensation.

COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

Introduction

In the paragraphs that follow, we have provided an overview and analysis of our compensation program and policies, the material compensation decisions we have made under those programs and policies, and the material factors that we considered in making those decisions. Following this section, you will find a series of tables containing specific information about the compensation earned or paid in the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 to the following executive officers, who we will refer to throughout as our “named executive officers” or “NEOs”:

 

Name

 

Principal Position

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

Keith C. Regnante (1)

 

Former Chief Financial Officer

Mark Baldry (2)

 

Former Chief Commercial Officer

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

Chief Medical Officer

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

Senior Vice President, Drug Discovery

 

(1)

As of January 9, 2020, Mr. Regnante stepped down from his position as our Chief Financial Officer.

(2)

On August 5, 2019, Mr. Baldry joined us as our Chief Commercial Officer. Following the discontinuation of our then-lead program (suvodirsen) in December 2019, he stepped down from his position in February 2020.

In 2019, we received support from over 87% of our shareholders who cast votes on our say-on-pay proposal.

Executive Compensation Philosophy

Our Compensation Committee regularly reviews the elements of the individual compensation packages for our Chief Executive Officer and our other executive officers to achieve the following primary objectives:

 

Attract, retain and motivate superior executive talent across all areas of our business;

 

Provide incentives that reward the achievement of performance goals that directly correlate to the enhancement of shareholder value, which we seek to achieve through the discovery, development and potential commercialization of transformative medicines;

 

Ensure the majority of compensation is performance-based and “at-risk”; and

 

Align our executive officers’ interests with those of our shareholders through long-term incentives linked to specific performance.

We aim for simplicity in our compensation program so that it is easy for our employees and our shareholders to understand the various components of our compensation program and the incentives designed to drive Company performance. The three key components of our executive compensation program are base salary, annual cash performance-based incentives and equity-based long-term incentive awards.

2019 Business Highlights

2019 was a milestone year for Wave, during which we made progress in our mission to discover and develop novel oligonucleotide therapeutics for the potential treatment of genetically defined diseases, while also enduring a disappointing setback. In 2019, years of hard work, collaboration and commitment culminated in several data readouts for our lead programs in Duchene muscular dystrophy and Huntington’s disease. Highlights of our accomplishments and milestones that informed our executive compensation decisions are described below.

Discontinuation of suvodirsen development program in DMD : In April 2019, we reported favorable safety and tolerability data in our Phase 1 trial for our then-lead program suvodirsen for patients with DMD who are amenable to exon 51 skipping and we announced the details of our planned Phase 2/3 trial. With those positive safety data in hand, we spent much of 2019 building out our organization in anticipation of a potential accelerated approval and commercial launch of suvodirsen in the U.S. However, in December 2019,

8


 

based on our interim analysis of the Phase 1 open-label extension (“OLE”) study , we announced our disappointing decision to discontinue development of suvodirsen . The results of the OLE study showed no change from baseline in dystrophin expression, as measured by western blot. We do not believe that the results of our suvodirsen program have any read-through to our clinical, preclinical or discovery programs in central nervous system (“CNS”), ophthalmology or hepatic diseases.

Clinical trial and regulatory advancements in HD: In Huntington’s disease (“HD”), we reported interim topline clinical data from our ongoing Phase 1b/2a PRECISION-HD2 trial in December 2019 that demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in mutant huntingtin and a favorable safety profile supporting the addition of a higher dose cohort, which we initiated in January 2020. These historic data were the first to support the potential for an allele-selective approach to treating this devasting disease that impacts more than 30,000 people in the United States alone. Throughout 2019, we continued to advance our Phase 1b/2a PRECISION-HD1 trial, which is ongoing and has remained blinded based on the topline results from the PRECISION-HD2 trial. In October 2019, we initiated an open label extension study of the PRECISION-HD2 trial outside of the United States for patients who participated in that trial.

Pipeline, program and platform development: During 2019, we made significant advancements toward clinical development in our third-allele selective HD program, our HTT SNP3 program, and our C9orf72 program for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (“ALS”) and frontotemporal dementia (“FTD”) , both of which benefited meaningfully from novel advances in our PRISM platform. We expect to initiate clinical development for both programs in the second half of 2020. In addition to advances in PRISM that we have pulled through to our CNS programs, 2019 was a year of significant advancement for the development of our ADAR-mediated RNA-editing platform capability. Our 2019 progress in ADAR culminated in our presentation of proof-of-concept data for our RNA-editing program in January 2020, which demonstrated endogenous ADAR engagement in vitro . We expect to have initial in vivo results in 2020, and we look forward to sharing further updates on this exciting new modality.

Strategic collaborations: In 2019, we continued to leverage our latest learnings from PRISM to design and advance additional stereopure oligonucleotides with optimized profiles for CNS indications, including Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and other diseases as part of our collaboration with Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited.  

Finance and operations: We ended 2019 with $147.2 million in cash and cash equivalents. In January 2019, we completed an underwritten public offering of our ordinary shares, resulting in gross proceeds to us of approximately $172.6 million. During 2019, we further enhanced our internal cGMP manufacturing capabilities to increase control and visibility of our drug substance supply chain. We continued to strengthen our intellectual property position and in 2019, we filed 10 new patent applications and eight new U.S. patents were issued.

Roles and Responsibilities in the Decision-making Process

Role of the Compensation Committee

Pursuant to its charter, our Compensation Committee creates the policies that govern base salary, annual cash performance-based incentives, our long-term incentive program and other compensation and benefits for our executive officers. Our Compensation Committee also oversees various executive and employee compensation plans and programs and is responsible for monitoring these plans and programs to confirm that they adhere to our compensation philosophy and objectives. Our Compensation Committee determines the appropriate compensation levels for our executive officers, evaluates officer and director compensation plans, policies and programs, and reviews benefit plans for our executive officers. Our Compensation Committee believes that the total compensation paid to our executive officers should be fair, reasonable and competitive, and that a significant portion of the total compensation should be tied to our Company’s annual and long-term performance. Each year, our Compensation Committee reviews and discusses our executive officers’ proposed compensation with the Chief Executive Officer for all executives other than the Chief Executive Officer. The Chief Executive Officer’s compensation is determined solely by the Compensation Committee.

Role of Management

Our Compensation Committee works with members of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (except with respect to his own compensation), and our human resources, finance and legal professionals. Typically, our management assists the Compensation Committee by providing information on corporate and individual performance and management’s perspective and recommendations on compensation matters for each executive officer. Our Chief Executive Officer provides recommendations to the Compensation Committee regarding most compensation matters, including executive compensation and our annual and long-term incentive programs. However, the Compensation Committee does not delegate any of its functions to others in setting the compensation of our NEOs.

9


 

Role of Compensation Consultant

Our Compensation Committee has the authority to retain the services and obtain the advice of external advisors, including compensation consultants, legal counsel and other advisors to assist in the evaluation of executive officer compensation. Our Compensation Committee engaged Radford, a business unit of AON plc and an independent executive compensation consulting firm (“Radford”), to review our executive compensation policies and practices and to conduct an executive compensation market analysis.

For 2019, Radford reviewed and advised on all principal aspects of our executive compensation program, including:

 

Assisting in developing a peer group of publicly traded companies to be used to help assess executive compensation;

 

Assisting in developing a competitive compensation strategy and consistent executive compensation assessment practices relevant to a public company, including review and recommendation of the annual performance-based cash incentive program as well as the equity strategy for the Company covering dilution, grant levels and type of equity; and

 

Meeting with the Compensation Committee to review elements of executive compensation including the competitiveness of the executive compensation program.

Our Compensation Committee has assessed the independence of Radford consistent with the Nasdaq Stock Market listing requirements and has concluded that the engagement of Radford does not raise any conflicts of interest.

Peer Companies and Use of Market Data

In determining market competitiveness of executive officer compensation, our Compensation Committee, with the assistance of its independent compensation consultant, Radford, evaluates the market competitiveness of compensation for each of our executive officers in order to guide target compensation decisions for the coming year. Our Compensation Committee references a peer group of publicly traded companies in the biopharmaceutical industry for purposes of gathering data to compare with our existing executive compensation levels and practices and as context for future compensation decisions. Our Compensation Committee reviews and updates the compensation peer group each year, as appropriate, to include companies that the Compensation Committee believes are competitors for executive talent and that are similar to us in terms of their stage of development, therapeutic focus, market capitalization, number of employees, structure, financial profile and geographic proximity to the Cambridge biotech cluster, as applicable. We also recognize that it is unlikely for companies to align equally on all factors, so we consider companies that meet a majority of the criteria. Due to the nature of our business, we compete for executive talent with many companies much larger than we are. Our Compensation Committee considers peer group and other industry compensation data and the recommendations of our compensation consultant when making decisions related to executive compensation, ultimately giving consideration to the competitiveness of our compensation program, internal perceptions of equity and individual performance and role.

In late 2018 we reevaluated our peer group for 2019 and based on the factors described above, Radford determined that four companies no longer met the selection criteria and recommended that they be removed from the historical peer group. Radford further recommended the addition of nine companies better aligned with the selection criteria, with a specific focus on stage of development and talent profile (principally that we compete for talent in a high demand – low availability marketplace against companies that are significantly larger we are). Our Compensation Committee considered Radford’s recommendations and ultimately determined that our peer group for 2019 should consist of the following 24 companies that were selected among publicly traded biopharmaceutical companies:

 

 

 

Aduro BioTech, Inc.

Akcea Therapeutics, Inc.

Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Arbutus Biopharma Corporation

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Audentes Therapeutics, Inc.

bluebird bio, Inc.

Blueprint Medicines Corp.

CRISPR Therapeutics AG

CytomX Therapeutics, Inc.

Denali Therapeutics Inc.

Dicerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

Editas Medicine, Inc.

Epizyme, Inc.

Intellia Therapeutics, Inc.

Ionis Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

REGENXBIO, Inc.

Sage Therapeutics, Inc.

Sangamo Therapeutics, Inc.

Sarepta Therapeutics, Inc.

Spark Therapeutics, Inc.

Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical Inc.

Voyager Therapeutics, Inc.

 Xencor, Inc.

 

 

10


 

Our Compensation Committee finds comparative data from our peer group to be useful in setting and adjusting executive compensation, but it does not target our programs or any particular element of compensation to be at or within a particular percentile or range compared to our peers. Our Compensation Committee uses the peer group data primarily to ensure that our executive compensation program and its constituent elements are and remain competitive in relation to our peers, and applies judgment and discretion in establishing targeted compensation levels taking into account not only competitive market data but also the experience of the executive, scope of responsibility, critical skill sets and expertise.

Components of Executive Compensation

The primary elements of our executive compensation program are:

 

Base salary;

 

Annual performance-based cash incentive compensation; and

 

Long-term equity incentive awards.

We also provide broad-based health and welfare benefits and have certain severance and change-in-control benefits. Our intention is to structure these components of our executive compensation program in a way that achieves the objectives of the program of linking and emphasizing pay to performance over both the short- and long-term, aligning executives’ interests with the interests of shareholders and attracting, motivating and retaining highly skilled and experienced executives.

Base Salary

Annual base salary is designed to provide a competitive fixed rate of pay, recognizing different levels of responsibility and performance. Actual salaries reflect the judgment and consideration of numerous factors by the Compensation Committee. These factors include the NEO’s experience, importance of position, performance, comparative survey data, internal pay equity, scope of responsibilities, expertise, the criticality of the NEO’s position within the Company, the other elements of compensation received by the NEO, and the NEO’s compensation in comparison to similarly situated executive officers at comparable companies in our peer group. The salary increases for 2019 for all of our NEOs were made to ensure better alignment with market data and in consideration of internal pay equity.

The following were the annual base salaries of our NEOs in effect for 2018 and 2019:

 

 

 

2018

 

2019

 

 

Name

 

Base Salary

 

Base Salary

 

% Increase

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

$541,100

 

$578,977

 

7%

Keith C. Regnante

 

$350,000

 

$362,250

 

3.5%

Mark Baldry (1)

 

$         —

 

$425,000

 

- %

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

$430,300

 

$451,815

 

5%

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

$400,000

 

$426,000

 

6.5%

 

(1)

Mr. Baldry commenced employment with us in August 2019.

Annual Performance-Based Cash Incentive Compensation

The Compensation Committee believes that, in order to reward performance and overall Company success, a portion of an executive officer’s compensation should be tied to the achievement of the Company’s goals in the form of an annual cash incentive payment. Our executive officers are eligible to receive annual cash incentive awards, with the target bonus opportunity determined as a percentage of their base salary. We established this program in order to focus and incentivize our executives to achieve short-term strategic business objectives.

For 2019, the target bonus opportunity for each NEO was the same as for 2018, except for Dr. Bolno whose target percentage was increased from 55% to 65% to align his bonus opportunity with similarly situated CEOs.

At the beginning of 2019, our Board approved ambitious corporate goals and objectives that our Compensation Committee then used to design our annual incentive compensation program for 2019. Under this program, the Compensation Committee established corporate goals that would apply uniformly to all of our executive officers. For the reasons set forth under “2019 Business Highlights” above, we believe that 2019 was a year of strong performance and although we were delayed or unable to achieve some of our goals, we achieved or exceeded most of our goals. In addition to our stated goals, we completed a follow-on public offering in January 2019

11


 

that yielded $172.6 in gross proceeds thereby substantially extending our cash runway. Our 2019 corporate goals that were assessed to determine our 2019 corporate performance follow :

 

Deliver clinical data on suvodirsen from the interim analysis of our Phase 1 open-label extension study ( achieved )

 

Initiate Phase 2/3 trial for suvodirsen ( achieved )

 

Prepare and file clinical trial application for WVE-N531 for patients amenable to exon 53 skipping ( prepared to file, but did not file due to discontinuation of DMD franchise following suvodirsen data readout)

 

Deliver clinical data on WVE-120102 from our PRECISION-HD2 clinical trial ( delayed from 1H 2019; achieved in 2H 2019 )

 

Deliver clinical data on WVE-120101 from our PRECISION-HD1 clinical trial ( delayed from 1H 2019 ; delayed into 2020 )

 

Advance C9orf72 program for ALS and FTD to support initiation of clinical development in 2020 ( achieved )

 

Advance HTT SNP3 program for HD to support initiation of clinical development in 2020 ( achieved )

 

Deliver in vivo proof-of-concept data supporting ophthalmology candidate targeting USH2A ( achieved )

 

Maintain supply of preclinical and clinical material for our ongoing and planned programs ( achieved )

 

Ensure the preparation of a CMC package to support NDA filing for suvodirsen ( achieved )

 

Hire Chief Commercial Officer, build and begin implementing commercialization roadmap ( achieved )

 

Establish commercial readiness plan for suvodirsen ( achieved )

 

Design, develop and deliver next generation of Wave management development training program ( achieved )

 

Maintain regrettable turnover below industry standards ( achieved )

 

Deliver 2019 corporate goals within our 2019 budget ( achieved )

Based on our Board’s assessment and consideration of the relative weighting and importance of our goals, our Board determined that we achieved 75% of our 2019 corporate goals. The Compensation Committee then determined that bonuses for 2019 performance be paid to our named executive officers based on these results. In early 2020, our CEO and other NEOs were awarded their incentive payouts in connection with meeting the 2019 corporate goals at 75% of their incentive target amounts. The following table sets forth the cash bonus payments for 2019 performance:

 

 

 

Incentive Target Amount

 

 

 

 

 

Name

 

(as a % of Base Salary)

 

 

Actual Award

 

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

 

65

%

 

$

282,251

 

Keith C. Regnante

 

 

40

%

 

$

108,675

 

Mark Baldry

 

 

40

%

 

$

52,048

 

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

 

40

%

 

$

135,545

 

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

 

40

%

 

$

127,800

 

 

Long-Term Incentive Compensation

We have a broad-based equity compensation program designed to reward and motivate our employees, including our NEOs. Equity awards help align the interests of our NEOs and other employees with the long-term interests of our shareholders and provide an opportunity for employees to acquire an ownership interest in the Company. The granting of equity awards is also consistent with our compensation philosophy of attracting, retaining and motivating our NEOs to deliver sustainable long-term value and aligning the interests of our executives with those of our shareholders. In determining the size and type of equity awards to grant, our Compensation Committee considered evolving market practices, as well as the retentive value provided by our equity grants.

Our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, which we adopted prior to our initial public offering, was amended in August 2017 following shareholder approval of the amendments to our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan at our 2017 Annual General Meeting. The plan allows for the grant of options, restricted share awards, restricted share unit awards (RSUs), other share or cash-based awards and dividend equivalent awards to employees, non-employee directors and consultants.

Since Wave became a public company in November 2015, we have provided annual long-term incentive awards to our executive officers as follows:

 

2016 LTIP – grants were made 100% in share options vesting over a four-year period with 25% vesting on the first anniversary of the date of grant and the remainder vesting monthly over the next three years;

 

2017 LTIP – grants were made at approximately 67% in share options that vest over a four-year period with 25% vesting on February 15, 2018 and the remainder vesting monthly over the next three years; and approximately 33% in RSUs that vest annually in equal installments of 25% over a four-year period beginning on February 15, 2018;

12


 

 

2018 LTIP – grants were made at approximately 67% in share options that vest over a four-year period with 25% vesting on February 15, 2019 and the remainder vesting quarterly over the next three years; and approximately 33% in RSUs that vest annually in equal installments of 25% over a four-year period beginning on February 15, 2019; and

 

2019 LTIP – grants were made at approximately 79% in performance-based RSUs and approximately 21% in time-based RSUs that vest annually in equal installments of 25% over a four-year period beginning on February 15, 2020. The performance-based RSUs vest based on two separate performance metrics: 80% of the award will vest upon receipt of the first regulatory approval of a Wave drug product by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency; and 20% of the award will vest upon the first commercial sale of a Wave drug product, in each case, occurring by March 7, 2029 , subject to continuous service.

In 2017, we changed the type of awards granted to a mix of two types of equity awards to combine the retention and downside risk benefits inherent in RSUs with the stockholder-value-creation benefits inherent in share options, while mitigating the potential risk that may manifest itself through using a single type of award. In 2018, we continued this practice of granting a combination of share options and RSUs.

In 2019, we determined not to grant share options and instead added performance-based RSUs to the mix of grants for all of our employees, including our NEOs, in addition to the continued grant of time-based RSUs. The performance-based RSUs were designed to provide significant “at risk” compensation directly aligned with shareholder value creation, further promote cross-company collaboration around critical company milestones, provide equity incentives consistent with our pay-for-performance philosophy and retain key talent. All employees, including our NEOs, received a combination of performance-based RSUs with the same performance criteria (described under the 2019 LTIP bullet above) and time-based RSUs. The allocation of the two award types for each employee was adjusted on a sliding scale based on seniority, with executives and more senior employees receiving a higher percentage of performance-based RSUs than time-based RSUs and less senior employees receiving a higher percentage of time-based RSUs than performance-based RSUs. In determining the equity awards to be granted to our named executive officers as part of the 2019 LTIP, our Compensation Committee considered, most importantly, the long-term nature of the performance criteria (up to ten years), among other factors, including the value of the equity awards received by executives in our compensation peer group and our industry and the size of the equity awards as a percentage of our outstanding shares, dilution to existing shareholders and the retention value in the outstanding equity program based on the value of outstanding unvested awards. To promote our performance-based compensation philosophy, individual equity awards were positioned higher or lower within the compensation peer group range based on the individual performance of each named executive officer.

In March 2020, in recognition of our lower share price following the discontinuation of our then-lead program (suvodirsen) in December 2019 and to directly align the interests of our employees with those of our shareholders, we granted time-based share options to all employees, including our NEOs. Drs. Bolno, Panzara and Vargeese received 60,000, 36,000 and 36,000 share options, respectively. These share options were granted by our Compensation Committee at a regularly scheduled meeting on March 3, 2020, at an exercise price of $8.17 per share; and vest over a two-year term, with 50% vesting on February 1, 2021 and the remainder vesting in 2022. The Compensation Committee chose this two-year vesting schedule over our standard four-year vesting schedule as a means of retention and because the performance-based RSUs granted as part of the 2019 LTIP became less likely to vest in the near-term due to the discontinuation of our suvodirsen in December 2019, but the performance criteria remain relevant to incentivize performance albeit over a longer period of time. In addition to Dr. Bolno’s 2020 LTIP grant and in lieu of a cash salary increase for the 2020 calendar year, he opted to receive an additional 3,000 share options with the same vesting schedule and exercise price as the 2020 LTIP awards.

Mr. Baldry joined us in August 2019 as our Chief Commercial Officer with a focus on building our commercial function in preparation for the launch of suvodirsen. In connection with the negotiation of his employment agreement, he received 25,000 share options that vest over four years; 35,000 time-based RSUs that vest over four years; 4,000 time-based RSUs that vest over two years; and 25,000 performance-based RSUs (same performance criteria as those awarded in the 2019 LTIP). Following the discontinuation of suvodirsen in December 2019 and in connection with Mr. Baldry’s separation from Wave in February 2020 as part of our workforce reduction that impacted 22% of our workforce, all of his equity awards were forfeited.

For the details regarding our 2019 equity awards, see the “2019 Fiscal Year Grants of Plan-Based Awards” table below.

Employee Benefits and Perquisites

Benefits offered to our named executive officers serve a different purpose than do the other elements of total compensation. In general, they are designed to provide a safety net of protection against the financial catastrophes that can result from illness, disability or death and provide for some benefits upon retirement. Benefits offered to our NEOs are the same as those offered to the general employee population, except for the car service provided to our CEO, which is reflected in the “all other compensation” column in the

13


 

summary compensation table below. The Compensation Committee determined it is in the best interest of the Company to provide car service for our CEO in order to promote the efficient use of his work time for the Company and to provide safe transportation given the demands of his role, which often require the participation on conference calls during commuting hours as well as extended work hours.

We maintain a 401(k) plan that is intended to qualify under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. In general, all of our employees, including our named executive officers, are eligible to participate in the 401(k) plan. Under the 401(k) plan, employees may elect to reduce their current compensation by up to the statutorily prescribed annual limit, equal to $19,000 in 2019, and to have the amount of such reduction contributed to the 401(k) plan. We currently match 50% of an employee’s 401(k) contributions up to a maximum of 6% of the participant’s compensation. Matching contributions are 100% vested upon completion of one year of service with the Company. In addition, employees who turn age 50 before the end of any calendar year may also defer up to an additional $6,000, and these catch-up contributions are eligible for matching contributions. Matching contributions made to each of our named executive officers are included in the “Summary Compensation Table” below.

Employment Agreements and Severance Benefits

Each of our named executive officers entered into an employment agreement or offer letter with the Company in connection with the commencement of his or her employment. All employment agreements and offer letters generally provide for at-will employment and that our named executive officers are eligible to participate in employee benefit plans of general applicability to other employees, which we maintain from time to time. Dr. Bolno’s employment agreement, which was entered into while we were still a private company, provides for continued payment of his base salary for 12 months if he is terminated by the Company without cause. Each of Dr. Panzara, Mr. Regnante and Mr. Baldry, who joined the Company after our initial public offering, entered into an employment agreement with the Company that provides if he is involuntarily terminated by the Company without cause or he terminates his employment for good reason, he will be entitled to receive continued payment of his base salary for 12 months following termination, and continued payment of health insurance premiums at the Company’s then normal rate of contribution until the earlier of 12 months following termination or until he commences new employment. In addition, if a change of control occurs and within one year following the change of control, Dr. Panzara, Mr. Regnante or Mr. Baldry is involuntarily terminated without cause or terminates his employment for good reason, he will be entitled to receive a lump sum cash payment equal to 12 months of his then-current annual base salary; the payment of a separation bonus equal to his then annual target bonus opportunity, prorated through his termination date; and continued payment of health insurance premiums at the Company’s then normal rate of contribution until the earlier of 12 months following the termination date or until he commences new employment.

In January and February 2020, in connection with the separation of Messrs. Regnante and Baldry from the Company, respectively, each received the severance benefits to which he was entitled under his employment agreement.

In addition, as a condition of their employment, each of our named executive officers has entered into a non-competition and non-solicitation agreement pursuant to which he or she has agreed not to compete with us nor hire our employees for a period of 12 months following the termination of his or her employment.

The equity agreements with each of Drs. Bolno, Panzara, and Vargeese and Mr. Regnante that were entered into on or before December 31, 2017 provide that all unvested shares underlying outstanding options and restricted share units will become fully vested upon a change of control. The Compensation Committee determined that commencing in 2018 future equity agreements with our NEOs would provide for “double trigger” vesting upon a change of control meaning that all unvested shares underlying outstanding options and restricted share units granted after December 31, 2017 will become fully vested upon termination without cause or for good reason within 12 months following a change of control. We have not provided any excise tax gross-ups to any of our NEOs in the event of a change of control.

Risk Analysis of Our Compensation Plans

Our Compensation Committee reviews the risks and rewards associated with our compensation programs. The programs are designed with features that mitigate risk without diminishing the incentive nature of the compensation. We believe our compensation programs encourage and reward prudent business judgment and appropriate risk-taking over the short term and the long term. Our Compensation Committee regularly evaluates the risks involved with our compensation programs and does not believe that any of our compensation programs create risks that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on us now or in the future.

14


 

Compensation Committee Report

The Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K, which appears elsewhere in this report, with our management. Based on this review and discussion, the Compensation Committee has recommended to our Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this report.

 

Members of the Wave Life Sciences Ltd. Compensation Committee:

Christian Henry (Chairman)

Peter Kolchinsky

Amy Pott

 

 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

 

Summary Compensation Table  

The following table shows the total compensation paid or accrued during the last three fiscal years ended December 31, 2019, 2018 and 2017 to our President and Chief Executive Officer, our Chief Financial Officer and our three next most highly compensated executive officers who earned more than $100,000 during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 and were serving as executive officers as of such date.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Share

 

 

Option

 

 

Incentive Plan

 

 

All Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salary

 

 

Bonus

 

 

Awards

 

 

Awards

 

 

Compensation

 

 

Compensation

 

 

 

 

 

Name and Principal Position

 

Year

 

($)

 

 

($)

 

 

($) (1)

 

 

($) (2)

 

 

($)

 

 

($) (3)

 

 

Total ($)

 

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

2019

 

 

578,977

 

 

 

 

 

2,700,000

 

 

 

 

 

282,251

 

 

 

20,298

 

 

 

3,581,526

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

 

2018

 

 

541,100

 

 

 

 

 

2,182,725

 

 

 

2,802,601

 

 

 

303,557

 

 

 

9,983

 

 

 

5,839,966

 

 

 

2017

 

 

515,300

 

 

 

 

 

1,054,515

 

 

 

1,342,902

 

 

 

283,400

 

 

 

528

 

 

 

3,196,645

 

Keith C. Regnante

 

2019

 

 

362,250

 

 

 

 

 

607,500

 

 

 

 

 

108,675

 

 

 

9,642

 

 

 

1,088,067

 

Former Chief Financial Officer

 

2018

 

 

350,000

 

 

 

 

 

520,650

 

 

 

668,510

 

 

 

142,800

 

 

 

9,060

 

 

 

1,691,020

 

 

 

2017

 

 

327,400

 

 

 

 

 

124,915

 

 

 

159,296

 

 

 

144,100

 

 

 

6,136

 

 

 

761,847

 

Mark Baldry

 

2019

 

 

173,493

 

 

 

80,000

 

 

 

759,720

 

 

 

311,610

 

 

 

52,048

 

 

 

177,956

 

 

 

1,554,827

 

Former Chief Commercial Officer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

2019

 

 

451,815

 

 

 

 

 

675,000

 

 

 

 

 

135,545

 

 

 

9,642

 

 

 

1,272,002

 

Chief Medical Officer

 

2018

 

 

430,300

 

 

 

 

 

700,875

 

 

 

899,918

 

 

 

175,562

 

 

 

9,492

 

 

 

2,216,147

 

 

 

2017

 

 

417,800

 

 

 

 

 

200,445

 

 

 

255,614

 

 

 

183,800

 

 

 

9,342

 

 

 

1,067,001

 

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

2019

 

 

426,000

 

 

 

 

 

675,000

 

 

 

 

 

127,800

 

 

 

10,722

 

 

 

1,239,522

 

Senior Vice President, Drug Discovery

 

2018

 

 

400,000

 

 

 

 

 

700,875

 

 

 

899,918

 

 

 

163,200

 

 

 

10,572

 

 

 

2,174,565

 

 

 

2017

 

 

350,000

 

 

 

 

 

284,690

 

 

 

361,194

 

 

 

154,000

 

 

 

7,380

 

 

 

1,157,264

 

 

(1)

Amount represents the aggregate grant date fair value for the share awards identified, computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. For performance-based RSUs, the value reported includes the value of the award at the grant date based upon the probable outcome of the performance conditions. The value of the performance-based RSUs at the grant date, assuming that all performance conditions will be achieved, is $8,325,000 for Dr. Bolno, $1,800,000 for Mr. Regnante, $487,000 for Mr. Baldry, $4,500,000 for Dr. Panzara and $4,500,000 for Dr. Vargeese. A discussion of the assumptions used in determining grant date fair value may be found in Note 7 to the financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

(2)

Amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value for the option awards identified, computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. A discussion of the assumptions used in determining grant date fair value may be found in Note 7 to the financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

15


 

(3)

For 2019, a mounts include 401(k) matching contributions of $8,400 made to Mr. Regnante and Drs. Panzara and Vargeese and $1,331 made to Mr. Baldry, as well as the value of annual premiums paid by us with respect to a life insurance policy for the benefit of each of the named executive officers. For 2019, amounts for Dr. Bolno also include reimbursement of commuting expenses of $14,795 and the related tax gross up of $4,693. For 2019, amounts for Mr. Baldry also include reimbursement of relocation expenses as set forth in his employment agreement in connection with his move to Massachusetts of $100,000 and the related tax gross up of $75,732.

2019 Fiscal Year Grants of Plan-Based Awards

The following table shows information regarding grants of non-equity incentive plan awards and grants of equity awards that we made during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 to each of our executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table.

 

 

 

 

 

Estimated

 

Estimated

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future Payouts

 

Future Payouts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Under

 

Under

 

 

 

 

 

All Other Option

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Equity

 

Equity

 

 

All Other Share

 

 

Awards: Number

 

 

Exercise or

 

Grant Date Fair

 

 

 

 

Incentive Plan

 

Incentive Plan

 

 

Awards: Number

 

 

of Securities

 

 

Base Price of

 

Value of Share

 

 

Grant

 

Awards:

 

Awards:

 

 

of Shares or

 

 

Underlying

 

 

Option Awards

 

and Option

Name

 

Date

 

Target ($) (1)

 

Target (#)

 

 

Units (#)

 

 

Options (#)

 

 

($/Share) (6)

 

Awards($) (7)

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

 

376,335

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

185,000

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

 

 

60,000

(3)

 

 

 

 

2,700,000

Keith C. Regnante

 

 

144,900

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

40,000

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

 

 

13,500

(3)

 

 

 

 

607,500

Mark Baldry

 

 

170,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8/5/2019

 

 

25,000

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8/5/2019

 

 

 

 

39,000

(4)

 

 

 

 

759,720

 

 

8/5/2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,000

(5)

 

$19.48

 

311,610

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

 

184,344

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

100,000

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

 

 

15,000

(3)

 

 

 

 

675,000

Chandra Vargeese, Ph.D.

 

 

173,808

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

100,000

(2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3/7/2019

 

 

 

 

15,000

(3)

 

 

 

 

675,000

 

(1)

Represents the potential 2019 cash incentive bonus payouts assuming target achievement of corporate goals, based upon the named executive officer’s cash incentive bonus target and base salary in effect on December 31, 2019. No minimum threshold amount or maximum amount beyond the target amount was established. See the column entitled “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation” in the Summary Compensation Table for the cash incentive bonuses earned by the named executive officers in 2019. See “Compensation Discussion and Analysis — Components of Executive Compensation — Annual Performance-Based Cash Incentive Compensation” for a description of the target amount applicable to each named executive officer.

(2)

Represents grants of performance-based RSUs made to the named executive officers in 2019. Such awards vest based on two separate performance metrics, 80% of the target award amount will vest upon receipt of the first regulatory approval of a Wave drug product by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or European Medicines Agency and 20% of the target award will vest upon the first commercial sale of a Wave drug product, in each case, occurring on or before March 7, 2029 .  All unvested performance-based RSUs for Mr. Regnante and Mr. Baldry were forfeited on the date they stepped down from their positions on January 9, 2020 and February 21, 2020, respectively.

(3)

Represents grants of restricted share units made to the named executive officers in 2019. Such awards vest annually in equal installments over a four-year period beginning on February 15, 2019, subject to such officer’s continued service with us on each such vesting date. 10,125 of the RSUs granted to Mr. Regnante on March 7, 2019 were forfeited when Mr. Regnante stepped down from his position on January 9, 2020.

(4)

Represents grants of restricted share units made to Mr. Baldry in 2019. 35,000 and 4,000 of these awards vest annually in equal installments over a four-year and two-year period, respectively, beginning on August 5, 2019, subject to Mr. Baldry’s continued service with us on each such vesting date.  These RSUs were forfeited when Mr. Baldry stepped down from his position on February 21, 2020.

16


 

(5)

Represents the grant of share options made to Mr. Baldry in 2019. Such awards have a four-year vesting period, with 25% of the shares subject to the award vesting on the first anniversary of August 5, 2019 and the remainder vesting quarterly in equal installments over the following 12 quarters, subject to Mr. Baldry’s continued service with us on each vesting date. The se share options were forfeited when Mr. Baldry stepped down from his position on February 21, 2020.

(6)

Represents the closing market price of the shares on the grant date.

( 7 )

Amount represents the aggregate grant date fair value for the options and restricted share unit awards, as applicable, computed in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 718. A discussion of the assumptions used in determining grant date fair value may be found in Note 7 to the financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.

2014 Equity Incentive Plan

Our 2014 Equity Incentive Plan was amended on August 10, 2017, following receipt of shareholder approval at our 2017 Annual General Meeting. Accordingly, based on approval at our 2017 Annual General Meeting, our Board and shareholders authorized 6,064,544 ordinary shares for the granting of incentive options, non-qualified options, or “NQSOs,” share appreciation rights and restricted share unit awards, plus annual increases on the first day of July 2018, 2019 and 2020 equal to the lesser of (A) 3% of the ordinary shares outstanding on the day prior to the increase; and (B) such lesser number of ordinary shares as determined by the Board; provided that no more than 10,000,000 ordinary shares may be issued upon the exercise of incentive share options. On July 1, 2018 and 2019, the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan was increased by 878,800 and 1,027,987 ordinary shares, respectively. The maximum number of ordinary shares with respect to awards which may be granted to any participant in any fiscal year under the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan is 600,000 shares. In the event of a share dividend, split, recapitalization or reorganization or other change in capital structure, our Board will make appropriate adjustments to these amounts.

Any shares subject to an award that is canceled, forfeited or expires prior to exercise or realization, either in full or in part, will again become available for issuance under the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan. However, shares subject to an award under the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan will not again be made available for issuance or delivery under the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan if such shares are (a) shares tendered in payment of an option; (b) shares delivered or withheld by us to satisfy any tax withholding obligation; or (c) shares covered by a share-settled share appreciation right or other awards that were not issued upon the settlement of the award.

If we are acquired, our Board (or Compensation Committee) will with respect to options and share appreciation rights: (i) make appropriate provision for the continuation of the option or share appreciation right by substituting on an equitable basis for the ordinary shares then subject to such option or share appreciation right either the consideration payable with respect to the outstanding ordinary shares in connection with the corporate transaction or securities of any successor or acquiring entity; (ii) cancel or arrange for the cancellation of the options or share appreciation rights, to the extent not vested or exercised prior to the effective time of the transaction, in exchange for a payment in cash or ordinary shares as determined by the Board, in an amount equal to the amount by which the then-fair market value of the ordinary shares subject to such vested option or share appreciation right exceeds the exercise price; or (iii) after giving holders an opportunity to exercise to the extent vested their outstanding options or share appreciation rights, terminate any or all unexercised options and share appreciation rights at such time as the Board deems appropriate. If we are acquired, our Board (or Compensation Committee) will with respect to outstanding restricted awards make appropriate provision for the continuation of such restricted awards on the same terms and conditions by substituting on an equitable basis for the ordinary shares then subject to such restricted awards either the consideration payable with respect to the outstanding ordinary shares in connection with the transaction or securities of any successor or acquiring entity. In lieu of the foregoing, if we are acquired, the Board may provide that, upon consummation of the acquisition, each outstanding restricted award shall be terminated in exchange for payment of an amount equal to the consideration payable upon consummation of such transaction to a holder of the number of ordinary shares comprising such restricted award to the extent then vested.  

17


 

Outstanding Equity Awards at 2019 Fiscal Year-End

The following table shows grants of options and grants of unvested restricted share unit awards outstanding on the last day of the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019 to each of the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table.

 

 

 

Option Awards

 

Share Awards

 

Name

 

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Exercisable

 

 

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Unexercisable

 

Option

Exercise

Price ($)

 

 

Option

Expiration

Date

 

Number of

Shares or

Share Units

That Have

Not Vested

(#)

 

Market

Value of

Shares or

Share

Units

That Have

Not Vested

($)

 

 

Equity

Incentive

Plan

Awards:

Number of

Unearned

Shares,

Units or

Other

Rights

That Have

Not Vested

(#)

 

Equity

Incentive

Plan

Awards:

Market or

Payout

Value of

Unearned

Shares,

Units or

Other

Rights

That

Have Not

Vested ($)

 

Paul B. Bolno, M.D., MBA

 

 

444,025

 

 

 

$

2.48

 

 

3/10/2025

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

206,850

 

 

29,550 (1)

 

$

18.79

 

 

6/16/2026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

51,353

 

 

21,147 (2)

 

$

29.05

 

 

1/25/2027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47,687

 

 

61,313 (3)

 

$

40.05

 

 

1/23/2028

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18,150 (4)

 

$

145,472

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,875 (5)

 

$

327,613

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60,000 (6)

 

$

480,900

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

185,000 (7)

 

$

1,482,775

 

Keith C. Regnante

 

 

70,500

 

 

20,000 (8)

 

$

20.89

 

 

8/16/2026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,091

 

 

2,509 (2)

 

$

29.05

 

 

1/25/2027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,375

 

 

14,625 (3)

 

$

40.05

 

 

1/23/2028

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,150 (4)

 

$

17,232

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,750 (5)

 

$

78,146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,000 (6)

 

$

108,203

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

40,000 (7)

 

$

320,600

 

Mark Baldry

 

 

 

25,000 (9)

 

$

19.48

 

 

8/5/2029

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35,000 (10)

 

$

280,525

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,000 (11)

 

$

32,060

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25,000 (7)

 

$

200,375

 

Michael Panzara, M.D., MPH

 

 

109,375

 

 

21,875 (12)

 

$

21.69

 

 

7/11/2026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,774

 

 

4,026 (2)

 

$

29.05

 

 

1/25/2027

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15,312

 

 

19,688 (3)

 

$

40.05

 

 

1/23/2028

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,450 (4)

 

$

27,652

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13,125 (5)

 

$

105,197